Parsing XML to a Data Frame: Recovering the Worldwide Incidents Tracking System (WITS)

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MapThe Worldwide Incidents Tracking System (WITS) was a database of global terrorism events compiled by the National Counter-terrorism Center (NCTC) until 2012.  At the end it contained 68,939 records with a short synopsis of each event and is thus still an interest to conflict scholars. Unfortunately, it’s now defunct and getting a copy can be difficult. In this brief post, I show how to download the original XML copy available on the Internet Archive Wayback Machine and to parse it to a flat csv file.

Obtaining the Data and its Structure

The first step is to pull down “wits_xmlxsd.zip” from the last available snapshot on the Way Back Machine of http://wits.nctc.gov/Export.do Unfortunately the last snapshot is from March 2010 and only has 28,755 (41%) of the final observations.

Uncompress and open the file in a text editor that can handle large text files (Vi, Notepad++, etc.). It has a simple structure  with container “IncidentList” that with a schema you can also download that explains each of the possible values. Within the container are individual incidents denoted by “<Incident>”.

The task is to iterate over these incidents, pull out the details of each event, save them each as a row in a data-frame, and out it as a file.

The structure of the WITS xml file:


<?xml version="1.0" encoding="ISO-8859-1"?>
<IncidentList xmlns="http://wits.nctc.gov" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://wits.nctc.gov WITS.XSD">

<Incident>
<ICN>200458431</ICN>
<Subject>10 civilians killed, at least 45 wounded by suspected GAM in Peureulak, Indonesia</Subject>
<Summary>On 1 January 2004, in Peureulak, Aceh Province, Indonesia, a bomb exploded at a concert, killing ten civilians, wounding 45 others, and causing major damage to the stage area. Many of the victims were Indonesian teenagers. Police blamed the Free Aceh Movement (GAM), although the GAM denied responsibility. No other group claimed responsibility.</Summary>
<IncidentDate>01/01/2004</IncidentDate>
<ApproximateDate>No</ApproximateDate>
<MultipleDays>No</MultipleDays>
<EventTypeList>
<EventType>Bombing</EventType>
</EventTypeList>
<Assassination>No</Assassination>
<Suicide>No</Suicide>
<WeaponTypeList>
<WeaponType>Explosive</WeaponType>
</WeaponTypeList>
<IED>No</IED>
<Location>
<Region>East Asia-Pacific</Region>
<Country>Indonesia</Country>
<CityStateProvinceList><CityStateProvince>
<City>Peureulak</City>
</CityStateProvince>
</CityStateProvinceList>
</Location>
<VictimList>
<Victim>
<VictimType>Civilian</VictimType>
<Combatant>No</Combatant>
<Nationality>Indonesia</Nationality>
<DefiningCharacteristicList>
<DefiningCharacteristic>None</DefiningCharacteristic>
</DefiningCharacteristicList>
<TargetedCharacteristicList>
<TargetedCharacteristic>Unknown</TargetedCharacteristic>
</TargetedCharacteristicList>
<Indicator>Targeted</Indicator>
<Child>No</Child>
<DeadCount>10</DeadCount>
<WoundedCount>45</WoundedCount>
<HostageCount>0</HostageCount>
</Victim>
</VictimList>
<FacilityList>
<Facility>
<FacilityType>Public Place/Retail</FacilityType
><Combatant>No</Combatant>
<Nationality>Indonesia</Nationality>
<DefiningCharacteristicList>
<DefiningCharacteristic>None</DefiningCharacteristic>
</DefiningCharacteristicList>
<TargetedCharacteristicList>
<TargetedCharacteristic>Unknown</TargetedCharacteristic>
</TargetedCharacteristicList>
<Indicator>Targeted</Indicator>
<Damage>Light</Damage>
<Quantity>1</Quantity>
</Facility>
</FacilityList>
<PerpetratorList>
<Perpetrator>
<Nationality>Indonesia</Nationality>
<Characteristic>Secular Political/Anarchist</Characteristic>
</Perpetrator>
</PerpetratorList>
</Incident>

<Incident>
<ICN>200458452</ICN>
<Subject>6 civilians wounded by bombing in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India</Subject>
<Summary>On 1 January 2004, in Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir, India, an assailant on a bicycle was carrying a bomb, which prematurely exploded, injuring six civilians. No group claimed responsibility.</Summary>
<IncidentDate>01/01/2004</IncidentDate>
<ApproximateDate>No</ApproximateDate>
<MultipleDays>No</MultipleDays>
<EventTypeList>

...

Parsing the Data

This structure is already fairly flat, html->body->incidentlist->incident->leaf nodes.

There are lots and lots of ways to accomplish this task. In R, the XML package will parse the xml to a nested list, and plyr will return a data frame with a function operating on a ragged array.

library(XML)
library(plyr)

wits <- "your/path/here/WITS.XML"
temp=xmlToList(wits, addAttributes = F)
df <- ldply(temp, .fun=function(x) {data.frame(t(unlist(x)))})

My first cut at this used a recursive function in Python. It incrementally built a Pandas data frame by adding new columns when a new xml tag was found and a new row when a new observation was found. I provide it here only as a reference. If I had to write it again, I would do something similar to what’s happening in the above R code. Convert each incident to a dictionary of names and values and then piece them together as a data frame. I would also parallelize so that chunks of incidents could be processed by multiple threads simultaneously and then recombined into a single data frame at the end.

from bs4 import BeautifulSoup
import pandas as pd
import numpy as np
import sys

def xml2df(xml_doc,unitofobs=""):
    f = open(xml_doc, 'r')
    soup = BeautifulSoup(f)

    df = pd.DataFrame(np.arange(1),  columns=['obs'])
    row=0
    def recurs(soup):
        global row
        if hasattr(soup, 'contents'):
            for j in soup.contents:
                if j.name!=None:
                    #print j.name
                    if j.name==unitofobs:
                       print "Starting new row " + str(row)
                       row = row+1 # Start a new row for the new observation
                       df.loc[row] = ''

                    if not any(j.name in s for s in df.columns):
                         print "New Column " + j.name
                         df.loc[:,j.name] = "" #If the column doesn't exist create it

                    df.loc[row,j.name]=j.text #populate value

                recurs(j)
        else:
            return False

    recurs(soup)

    return df

path="your/path/here/"
xml_doc= path+"WITS.XML"
unitofobs="incident"

df = xml2df(xml_doc,unitofobs)
df.to_csv(path+"wits.csv", encoding='utf-8', sep='\t')

 Final Product

The final product is a data frame with 28,752 observations and 297 columns. The data cover events from January 2004 through December 2006. Below is a table of 100 randomly selected observations and a subset of the most frequently used columns. You can download the full data-set here.

ICN Subject Summary IncidentDate ApproximateDate MultipleDays EventTypeList.EventType Assassination Suicide WeaponTypeList.WeaponType IED Location.Region Location.Country Location.CityStateProvinceList.CityStateProvince.City VictimList.Victim.VictimType VictimList.Victim.Combatant VictimList.Victim.Nationality VictimList.Victim.DefiningCharacteristicList.DefiningCharacteristic VictimList.Victim.TargetedCharacteristicList.TargetedCharacteristic VictimList.Victim.Indicator VictimList.Victim.Child VictimList.Victim.DeadCount VictimList.Victim.WoundedCount VictimList.Victim.HostageCount FacilityList.Facility.FacilityType FacilityList.Facility.Combatant FacilityList.Facility.Nationality FacilityList.Facility.DefiningCharacteristicList.DefiningCharacteristic FacilityList.Facility.TargetedCharacteristicList.TargetedCharacteristic FacilityList.Facility.Indicator FacilityList.Facility.Damage FacilityList.Facility.Quantity PerpetratorList.Perpetrator.Nationality PerpetratorList.Perpetrator.Characteristic Location.CityStateProvinceList.CityStateProvince.StateProvince VictimList.Victim.VictimType.1 VictimList.Victim.Combatant.1 VictimList.Victim.Nationality.1 VictimList.Victim.DefiningCharacteristicList.DefiningCharacteristic.1 VictimList.Victim.TargetedCharacteristicList.TargetedCharacteristic.1 VictimList.Victim.Indicator.1 VictimList.Victim.Child.1 VictimList.Victim.DeadCount.1 VictimList.Victim.WoundedCount.1 VictimList.Victim.HostageCount.1 WeaponTypeList.WeaponType.1 WeaponTypeList.WeaponType.2 FacilityList.Facility.FacilityType.1 FacilityList.Facility.Combatant.1 FacilityList.Facility.Nationality.1 FacilityList.Facility.DefiningCharacteristicList.DefiningCharacteristic.1 FacilityList.Facility.TargetedCharacteristicList.TargetedCharacteristic.1 FacilityList.Facility.Indicator.1 FacilityList.Facility.Damage.1 FacilityList.Facility.Quantity.1 EventTypeList.EventType.1 PerpetratorList.Perpetrator.Nationality.1 PerpetratorList.Perpetrator.Characteristic.1 VictimList.Victim.VictimType.2 VictimList.Victim.Combatant.2 VictimList.Victim.Nationality.2 VictimList.Victim.DefiningCharacteristicList.DefiningCharacteristic.2 VictimList.Victim.TargetedCharacteristicList.TargetedCharacteristic.2 VictimList.Victim.Indicator.2 VictimList.Victim.Child.2 VictimList.Victim.DeadCount.2 VictimList.Victim.WoundedCount.2 VictimList.Victim.HostageCount.2
200566090 1 civilian killed in landmine explosion by suspected Taliban in Spin Buldak, Kandahar Province, Afghanistan On 3 April 2005, in the morning, in Spin Buldak, Kandahar Province, Afghanistan, a landmine exploded outside a store, killing an Afghan civilian and damaging the store. No group claimed responsibility, although authorities believed the Taliban was responsible. 4/3/2005 No No Bombing No No Landmine No South Asia Afghanistan Spin Buldak Civilian No Afghanistan None Unknown Targeted No 1 0 0 Public Place/Retail No Afghanistan None Unknown Targeted Light 1 Afghanistan Islamic Extremist (Sunni) Kandahar
200571959 Government vehicle damaged in arson attack by suspected Maoists in Syangja District, Nepal On 1 May 2005, in Syangja District, Nepal, assailants set fire to a District Development Committee pick-up van that was on its way to Butwal, Rupandehi District, damaging the vehicle, but causing no injuries. No group claimed responsibility, although it was widely believed the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)/United People’s Front was responsible. 5/1/2005 No No Arson/Firebombing No No Firebomb/Incendiary No South Asia Nepal Unknown Vehicle No Nepal None Unknown Targeted Light 1 Nepal Secular Political/Anarchist Syangja District
200691453 1 civilian killed in armed attack by suspected Muslim separatists in Yarang, Pattani, Thailand On 19 October 2006, in the evening, in Yarang, Pattani, Thailand, assailants fired upon and killed a former deputy village headman. No group claimed responsibility, although it was widely believed that Muslim separatists were responsible. 10/19/2006 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No East Asia-Pacific Thailand Yarang Civilian No Thailand Unknown Unknown Targeted No 1 0 0 Thailand Secular Political/Anarchist Pattani
200575457 2 security guards wounded near Baghdad, Iraq On 13 July 2005, at 12:00 PM, near Baghdad, Iraq, unidentified armed assailants fired upon the vehicle of the Head of the Kirkuk Municipality as it traveled to Baghdad, Iraq, wounding two security personnel and causing unspecified damage to the vehicle. The Head of the Kirkuk Municipality was not in the vehicle at the time of the attack. No group claimed responsibility. 7/13/2005 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Baghdad Paramilitary/Private Security No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 2 0 Vehicle No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Baghdad Government Official No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 0 0
200697127 1 civilian kidnapped in West Tripura, Tripura, India On 15 November 2006, in West Tripura, Tripura, India, assailants kidnapped a civilian. No group claimed responsibility. 11/15/2006 No No Kidnapping No No Unknown No South Asia India West Tripura Civilian No India Tribal Unknown Targeted No 0 0 1 Unknown Unknown Tripura
200571657 1 top government official, several government employees wounded in VBIED attack by suspected FARC in Arauca, Arauca, Colombia On 20 December 2005, at about 4:00 PM, in Arauca, Arauca, Colombia, a remote-controlled vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) exploded, wounding Arauca Governor Julio Enrique Acosta Bernal and several of his escorts and destroying the vehicle. No group claimed responsibility, although it is widely believed that the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) was responsible. 12/20/2005 No No Bombing No No Vehicle bomb Yes Central and South America Colombia Arauca Top Government Official No Colombia Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 1 0 Vehicle No Colombia Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Colombia Secular Political/Anarchist Arauca Government Employee/Contractor No Colombia Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 0 3 0
200684006 Body of 1 police officer found found in Mosul, Ninawa, Iraq On 19 February 2006, in Mosul, Ninawa, Iraq, the body of a police officer found with three other, unidentified bodies. No group claimed responsibility. 2/19/2006 No No Unknown No No Unknown No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Mosul Police No Iraq None Unknown Targeted No 1 0 0 Unknown Unknown Ninawa Unknown No Unknown None Unknown Targeted No 3 0 0
200461327 City Hall damaged in bomb explosion by APC militants in Bordeaux, France On 29 October 2004, at night, in Bordeaux, France, a bomb exploded at the Bordeaux City Hall, causing slight damage to the structure, but resulting in no injuries. The Army of the Corsican People (APC) claimed responsibility. 10/29/2004 No No Bombing No No Explosive No Europe France Bordeaux Government No France None Unknown Targeted Light 1 France Secular Political/Anarchist
200461179 1 civilian killed, 6 other civilians, 4 police officers wounded in IED attack in Al Basrah, Al Basrah, Iraq On 6 October 2004, in Al Basrah, Al Basrah, Iraq, assailants detonated an improvised explosive device (IED) near two British military vehicles, hitting instead a nearby taxi, killing the taxi driver and injuring six passengers and four Iraqi police officers. The British troops escaped unharmed. No group claimed responsibility. 10/6/2004 No No Bombing No No Explosive Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Al Basrah Police No Iraq Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 0 4 0 Vehicle Yes United Kingdom Unknown Western (not American) Targeted None 0 Unknown Unknown Al Basrah Civilian No Iraq Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 1 6 0 Vehicle No Iraq Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental Light 1 Military Yes United Kingdom Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 0 0
200571356 13 civilians killed in execution in Baghdad, Iraq On 15 May 2005, in Sadr City District, Baghdad, Iraq, authorities found the bodies of 13 civilian men who had been handcuffed, shot in the head, and dumped in a garbage pit. No group claimed responsibility. 5/15/2005 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Baghdad Civilian No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 13 0 0 Unknown Unknown Baghdad
200682819 1 police officer wounded in IED attack near Kirkuk, At Ta’mim, Iraq On 22 January 2006, south of Kirkuk, At Ta’mim, Iraq, assailants detonated a roadside probable command-initiated improvised explosive device (IED) near a police patrol, wounding one police officer and damaging his patrol vehicle. No group claimed responsibility. 1/22/2006 No No Bombing No No Explosive Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Kirkuk Police No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 1 0 Vehicle No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown At Ta’mim
200698152 1 civilian kidnapped in Pulwama, Jammu and Kashmir, India On 24 December 2006, at night, in Pulwama, Jammu and Kashmir, India, assailants kidnapped a civilian from his residence. No group claimed responsibility. 12/24/2006 No No Kidnapping No No Unknown No South Asia India Pulwama Civilian No India Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 0 1 Unknown Unknown Jammu and Kashmir
200460014 National Alliance office damaged by NPC in Sardinia, Italy On 7 June 2004, in Sardinia, Italy, a small bomb exploded at a National Alliance political party office, causing no injuries. The Proletarian Nuclei for Communism (NPC) claimed responsibility. 6/7/2004 No No Bombing No No Explosive No Europe Italy Sardinia Political Party No Italy None Unknown Targeted Light 1 Italy Secular Political/Anarchist
200576797 2 police officers killed in Baghdad, Iraq On 21 August 2005, in the al-Amiriyah neighborhood of Baghdad, Iraq, armed assailants shot and killed two police commandos on their way to work. No group claimed responsibility. 8/21/2005 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Baghdad Police No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 2 0 0 Unknown Unknown Baghdad
200462376 Government Official’s home targeted in grenade attack by suspected ULFA in Digboi, Assam, India On 14 December 2004, in Digboi, Assam, India, assailants threw a grenade at the home of Assam’s Excise Minister, causing no injuries. No group claimed responsibility, although it is widely believed the United Liberation Front of Assam (ULFA) was responsible. 12/14/2004 No No Armed Attack No No Grenade No South Asia India Digboi Government Official No India Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 0 0 Residence No India Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 India Secular Political/Anarchist Assam
200683032 1 government official killed in armed attack in La Paz, Abra, Philippines On 13 January 2006, at about 7:00 PM, in La Paz, Abra, Philippines, an assailant fired upon the town’s mayor at close range while he watched a basketball game, killing him. No group claimed responsibility. 1/13/2006 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No East Asia-Pacific Philippines La Paz Government Official No Philippines Unknown Unknown Targeted No 1 0 0 Unknown Unknown Abra
200687419 1 residence damaged in incendiary attack in Rathenraw, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom On 10 May 2006, at 11:00 PM, in Rathenraw, County Antrim, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, assailants threw a petrol bomb at a residence, damaging the house but causing no injuries. No group claimed responsibility. 5/10/2006 No No Arson/Firebombing No No Firebomb/Incendiary No Europe United Kingdom Rathenraw Residence No United Kingdom Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Northern Ireland
200460968 Residential area damaged in bombing attack by militants in Quetta, Pakistan On 14 August 2004, at about 1:10 PM, in Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan, a bomb exploded in the Killi Ibrahimzai residential area of the city, causing no injuries. This was one of six bombings in Quetta on 14 August. No group claimed responsibility. 8/14/2004 No No Bombing No No Explosive No South Asia Pakistan Quetta Residence No Pakistan None Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Balochistan
200695874 2 civilians killed, 13 other civilians, 3 police officers wounded in VBIED attack in Baghdad, Iraq On 11 October 2006, at approximately 10:30 AM, in Qahira District, northeastern Baghdad, Iraq, assailants detonated two roadside vehicle-borne improvised explosive devices (VBIEDs) simultaneously in Mustansiriyah Square near a police patrol, killing two civilians and wounding 13 others and three police officers. No group claimed responsibility. 10/11/2006 No No Bombing No No Vehicle bomb Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Baghdad Civilian No Iraq Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 2 13 0 Unknown Unknown Baghdad Police No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 3 0
200571338 3 buses damaged in arson and bomb attacks in Kaski District, Nepal On or about 10 April 2005, in Kaski District, Nepal, assailants set fire to two passenger buses and detonated a bomb in a third bus, damaging all three vehicles, but causing no injuries. No group claimed responsibility. 4/10/2005 Yes No Bombing No No Firebomb/Incendiary No South Asia Nepal Unknown Bus No Nepal None Unknown Targeted Light 3 Unknown Unknown Kaski District Explosive Arson/Firebombing
200683037 4 police officers wounded in IED attack in Al Haswah, Babil, Iraq On 22 February 2006, in Al Haswah, Babil, Iraq, assailants detonated a probable roadside command-initiated improvised explosive device (IED) near a police patrol, wounding four police officers and causing unspecified vehicular damage. No group claimed responsibility. 2/22/2006 No No Bombing No No Explosive Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Al Haswah Police No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 4 0 Vehicle No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Babil
200687798 1 civilian killed, 2 others wounded in IED attack in Sinjar, Ninawa, Iraq On 25 May 2006, in Sinjar, Ninawa, Iraq, assailants detonated an improvised explosive device (IED) left in a bag inside a liquor store, killing the store owner, wounding two civilians, and damaging the business. No group claimed responsibility. 5/25/2006 No No Bombing No No Explosive Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Sinjar Business No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 1 0 0 Business No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Ninawa Civilian No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 2 0
200695180 5 civilians killed, 6 others wounded in VBIED attack in Al Fallujah, Al Anbar, Iraq On 1 October 2006, in central Al Fallujah, Al Anbar, Iraq, assailants detonated a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) in the Rasafa market near the al-Siddiq Mosque, killing five civilians, wounding six others, and damaging the market. No group claimed responsibility. 10/1/2006 No No Bombing No No Vehicle bomb Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Al Fallujah Civilian No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 5 6 0 Public Place/Retail No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Al Anbar
200696922 1 civilian killed in armed attack by HM in Anantnag, Jammu and Kashmir, India On 2 November 2006, at night, in Anantnag, Jammu and Kashmir, India, assailants fired upon and killed a surrendered district commander of Hizbul-Mujahedin (HM). HM claimed responsibility. 11/2/2006 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No South Asia India Anantnag Civilian No India Muslim (Sunni) Unknown Targeted No 1 0 0 Vehicle No India Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental None 0 Pakistan Islamic Extremist (Sunni) Jammu and Kashmir Civilian No India Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 0 0 0
200689306 1 police officer kidnapped and killed in armed attack by suspected Maoists in Chandranigahapur, Rautahat District, Nepal On 16 April 2006, at about 8:00 PM, in Chandranigahapur, Rautahat District, Nepal, assailants kidnapped a an inspector of the District Traffic Police office from his room and later fired upon and killed him. No group claimed responsibility, although it was believed the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)/United People’s Front was responsible. 4/16/2006 No No Kidnapping No No Firearm No South Asia Nepal Chandranigahapur Police No Nepal None Unknown Targeted No 1 0 0 Nepal Secular Political/Anarchist Rautahat District Armed Attack
200570577 1 government contractor killed in Baghdad, Iraq On 23 April 2005, in the Al Jami’ah neighborhood of Baghdad, Iraq, unidentified attackers shot and killed a US military civilian contractor in his truck. No group claimed responsibility. 4/23/2005 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Baghdad Government Employee/Contractor No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 1 0 0 Vehicle No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Baghdad
200580783 1 government official kidnapped and wounded by KYKL in Imphal East, Manipur, India On 23 December 2005, in Imphal East, Manipur, India, assailants kidnapped and fired upon and wounded a Deputy Inspector in the Education Department. Kanglei Yawol Kanna Lup (KYKL) claimed responsibility. 12/23/2005 No No Kidnapping No No Firearm No South Asia India Imphal East Government Official No India None Unknown Targeted No 0 1 0 India Secular Political/Anarchist Manipur Armed Attack
200685034 2 police officers killed in IED attack on a police patrol near Al Basrah, Al Basrah, Iraq On 1 April 2006, south of Al Basrah, Al Basrah, Iraq, assailants detonated a roadside probably command-initiated improvised explosive device (IED) near a police patrol, killing two police officers. No group claimed responsibility. 4/1/2006 No No Bombing No No Explosive Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Al Basrah Police No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 2 0 0 Unknown Unknown Al Basrah
200461031 1 media station damaged in bomb attack by suspected KGK in Kagizman, Kars, Turkey On 7 July 2004, in Kagizman, Kars Province, Turkey, a bomb exploded at the local Turkish Radio and Television transmitter station, causing only minor damage but no injuries. No group claimed responsibility, although local government officials believed the Kongra-Gel (KGK, formerly Kurdistan Workers’ Party, PKK, KADEK) was responsible. 7/7/2004 No No Bombing No No Explosive No Europe Turkey Kagizman Communications No Turkey Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Turkey Secular Political/Anarchist Kars
200694502 1 police officer killed in armed attack in Mosul, Ninawa, Iraq On 29 September 2006, in eastern Mosul, Ninawa, Iraq, armed assailants fired upon and killed a police officer. No group claimed responsibility. 9/29/2006 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Mosul Police No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 1 0 0 Unknown Unknown Ninawa
200462459 4 guards wounded in attack on Diyala governor by militants in Ba’qubah, Iraq On 25 December 2004, in Ba’qubah, Iraq, a bomb exploded near the convoy of the Governor of Diyala, wounding four bodyguards. No group claimed responsibility. 12/25/2004 No No Bombing No No Explosive No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Ba’qubah Paramilitary/Private Security No Iraq None None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 0 4 0 Vehicle No Iraq None Unknown Targeted Light 3 Unknown Unknown Diyala Top Government Official No Iraq None Unknown Targeted No 0 0 0
200568743 60 students and 1 teacher abducted by suspected Maoists in Phurumbu, Taplejung District, Nepal On 6 January 2005, in Phurumbu, Taplejung District, Nepal, insurgents abducted 60 students and one teacher from the Mayal secondary school. No group claimed responsibility, although it was widely believed that the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)/United People’s Front was responsible. 1/6/2005 No No Kidnapping No No Unknown No South Asia Nepal Phurumbu Student No Nepal None Unknown Targeted No 0 0 60 Nepal Secular Political/Anarchist Taplejung District Educator No Nepal None None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 0 0 1
200698651 1 civilian killed, 2 others wounded in mortar attacks in Baghdad, Iraq On 18 December 2006, in southwestern Baghdad, Iraq, assailants fired two mortar rounds into a community, killing one civilian, wounding two others, and damaging a home. No group claimed responsibility. 12/18/2006 No No Armed Attack No No Mortar/Artillery No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Baghdad Civilian No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 1 2 0 Residence No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Baghdad
200680588 3 residences damaged in bombings in Castellare-di-Casinca, Corsica, France On 23 January 2006, in the evening, in Castellare-di-Casinca, Corsica, France, three bombs planted outside of three holiday villas exploded, damaging all three residences but causing no injuries. No group claimed responsibility. 1/23/2006 No No Bombing No No Explosive No Europe France Castellare-di-Casinca Residence No France None Unknown Targeted Light 3 Unknown Unknown Corsica
200568940 Apartment complex damaged in arson attack by ELF arsonists in Sutter Creek, Amador County, California, United States On 7 February 2005, in Sutter Creek, Amador County, California, United States, arsonists using firebombs set fire to a partially completed apartment complex, damaging five unoccupied units, but causing no injuries. Damage was estimated by the owner to be more than $100,000. No one was injured. The Earth Liberation Front (ELF) claimed responsibility. 2/7/2005 No No Arson/Firebombing No No Firebomb/Incendiary No North America and Caribbean United States Sutter Creek Residence No United States None Western (American) Targeted Light 5 United States Secular Political/Anarchist Amador County, California
200689585 1 government official killed in armed attack in Bayji, Salah ad Din, Iraq On 25 June 2006, in Bayji, Salah ad Din, Iraq, unidentified assailants fired upon and killed a municipal council member as he drove to work, also damaging his vehicle. No group claimed responsibility. 6/25/2006 No No Armed Attack Yes No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Bayji Government Official No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 1 0 0 Vehicle No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Salah ad Din
200686163 1 civilian injured in armed attack in Akure, Ondo, Nigeria On 22 May 2006, in Akure, Ondo, Nigeria, assailants invaded the house of the Secretary of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), probably with the intention of killing him, and fired upon his wife, severely injuring her and damaging the house. The secretary was not at home. No group claimed responsibility. 5/22/2006 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Africa Nigeria Akure Civilian No Nigeria Unknown Family Member Targeted No 0 1 0 Residence No Nigeria Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Ondo State Politically Affiliated No Nigeria Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 0 0
200686647 2 government employees killed in armed attack in Al Huwayjah, At Ta’mim, Iraq On 22 April 2006, in Al Huwayjah, At Ta’mim, Iraq, unidentified assailants fired upon and killed two municipal employees. No group claimed responsibility. 4/22/2006 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Al Huwayjah Government Employee/Contractor No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 2 0 0 Unknown Unknown At Ta’mim
200694305 1 civilian killed, 3 others, 2 police officers wounded in IED attack in Al Latifiyah, Babil, Iraq On 22 September 2006, in Al Latifiyah, Babil, Iraq, a roadside improvised explosive device (IED) exploded near a police patrol, killing one civilian and wounding three others and two police officers. No group claimed responsibility. 9/22/2006 No No Bombing No No Explosive Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Al Latifiyah Civilian No Iraq Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 1 3 0 Unknown Unknown Babil Police No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 2 0
200695274 1 civilian killed, 1 child wounded in armed attack by suspected Muslim separatists in Narathiwat, Thailand On 14 December 2006, in Narathiwat, Thailand, assailants fired upon and killed a Buddhist trader and wounded his nephew. No group claimed responsibility, although it was reported that Muslim separatists were responsible. 12/14/2006 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No East Asia-Pacific Thailand Business No Thailand Buddhist Unknown Targeted No 1 0 0 Thailand Secular Political/Anarchist Narathiwat Civilian No Thailand Buddhist None Indiscriminate/Incidental Yes 0 1 0
200577831 11 educators abducted by suspected Maoists in Panchthar District, Nepal On or about 2 October 2005, in Panchthar District, Nepal, assailants abducted 11 teachers, including the Campus Chief, from Panchthar Multiple Campus. No group claimed responsibility, although it was widely believed the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)/United People’s Front was responsible. 10/2/2005 Yes No Kidnapping No No Unknown No South Asia Nepal Unknown Educator No Nepal None Unknown Targeted No 0 0 11 Nepal Secular Political/Anarchist Panchthar District
200684017 4 vehicles damaged in assault in Biu, Borno, Nigeria On 29 April 2006, in Biu, Borno, Nigeria, assailants attacked a senator’s automobile convoy, causing slight damage to four vehicles but no injuries. No group claimed responsibility. 4/29/2006 No No Assault No No Primitive No Africa Nigeria Biu Government Official No Nigeria Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 0 0 Vehicle No Nigeria Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 4 Unknown Unknown Borno
200686395 1 civilian killed, 3 others wounded in bombing by suspected Maoists in Itabhatti, Nawalparasi District, Nepal On 9 February 2006, in Itabhatti, Nawalparasi District, Nepal, a landmine exploded as a civilian woman traveling on a bicycle rode over it, killing her and wounding three other civilian women. No group claimed responsibility, although authorities believed the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)/United People’s Front was responsible. 2/9/2006 No No Bombing No No Landmine No South Asia Nepal Itabhatti Civilian No Nepal None None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 1 3 0 Vehicle No Nepal None None Indiscriminate/Incidental Light 1 Nepal Secular Political/Anarchist Nawalparasi District
200690724 1 bank, several businesses damaged in IED attack in Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan On 31 May 2006, at 11:30 PM, in Quetta, Balochistan, Pakistan, assailants detonated an improvised explosive device (IED) outside the local branch of the National Bank of Pakistan, shattering the windows of the bank and several buildings nearby but causing no injuries. No group claimed responsibility. 5/31/2006 No No Bombing No No Explosive Yes South Asia Pakistan Quetta Financial No Pakistan Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Balochistan Business No Pakistan Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental Light 3
200689160 1 police officer killed, at least 3 others wounded in armed attack by Ansar al-Sunnah in Mosul, Ninawa, Iraq On 5 June 2006, in Mosul, Ninawa, Iraq, assailants fired upon a police post with machinegun fire, killing one police officer and wounding at least three others. Ansar al-Sunnah claimed responsibility. 6/5/2006 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Mosul Police No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 1 3 0 Police No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Iraq Islamic Extremist (Sunni) Ninawa
200579642 1 civilian killed, 1 government official wounded in armed attack in Sungai Padi District, Narathiwat, Thailand On 20 October 2005, at about 3:00 PM, in Paluru, Sungai Padi District, Narathiwat, Thailand, armed assailants attacked a member of the Paluri Tambon Administration Organization (TAO), killing his wife and wounding him. No group claimed responsibility. 10/20/2005 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No East Asia-Pacific Thailand Sungai Padi Government Official No Thailand Unknown Muslim (Unknown) Targeted No 0 1 0 Unknown Unknown Narathiwat Civilian No Thailand Family Member Unknown Targeted No 1 0 0
200459956 1 party affiliate killed, 4 others wounded in assault in Shindand, Herat, Afghanistan On 5 October 2004, in Shindand, Herat Province, Afghanistan, assailants assaulted a group of civilians campaigning for an Afghan Presidential-candidate, killing one civilian and wounding four others. No group claimed responsibility. 10/5/2004 No No Assault No No Primitive No South Asia Afghanistan Shindand Politically Affiliated No Afghanistan Unknown Unknown Targeted No 1 4 0 Unknown Unknown Herat
200695694 4 civilians, 1 child killed, 5 other civilians wounded in mortar attack in Balad, Salah ad Din, Iraq On 15 October 2006, in Balad, Salah ad Din, Iraq, assailants fired mortar rounds into a Sunni Muslim community, killing four civilians and one child, wounding five other civilians, and damaging several homes in the community. No group claimed responsibility. 10/15/2006 Yes No Armed Attack No No Mortar/Artillery No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Balad Civilian No Iraq Unknown Muslim (Sunni) Targeted No 4 5 0 Community No Iraq Unknown Muslim (Sunni) Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Salah ad Din Civilian No Iraq Unknown Muslim (Sunni) Targeted Yes 1 0 0 Residence No Iraq Unknown Muslim (Sunni) Targeted Light 3
200565711 2 civilians killed by suspected CPI-Maoists in Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India On 8 February 2005, in Miryal Village, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh, India, armed assailants shot and killed two civilians, whom they believed to be police informants. No group claimed responsibility, although it is widely believed the Communist Party of India – Maoists (CPI-Maoist) was responsible. 2/8/2005 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No South Asia India Guntur Civilian No India None Unknown Targeted No 2 0 0 India Secular Political/Anarchist Andhra Pradesh
200575438 1 APF constable, 1 police officer wounded in bombing by suspected Maoists in Beni, Myagdi District, Nepal On 26 August 2005, at about 6:30 AM, in Beni, Myagdi District, Nepal, assailants detonated a bomb near the Mangalaghat checkpoint, wounding a head constable of the Armed Police Force (APF) and a member of the Nepal Police. No group claimed responsibility, although it was widely believed the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)/United People’s Front was responsible. 8/26/2005 No No Bombing No No Explosive No South Asia Nepal Beni Police No Nepal None Unknown Targeted No 0 1 0 Nepal Secular Political/Anarchist Myagdi District Military Yes Nepal None Unknown Targeted No 0 1 0
200579519 1 police officer killed, 7 others wounded in armed attack in Mosul, Ninawa Province, Iraq On 15 November 2005, in Mosul, Ninawa Province, Iraq, gunmen fired upon a group of police officers, killing one and wounding seven others. No group claimed responsibility. 11/15/2005 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Mosul Police No Iraq None Unknown Targeted No 1 7 0 Unknown Unknown Ninawa
200693371 1 tribal leader killed in armed attack in Khumaysah, Al Basrah, Iraq On 15 August, in Khumaysah, Al Basrah, Iraq, armed assailants fired upon the chief of the Bani Asad tribe, killing him and damaging the vehicle. No group claimed responsibility. 8/15/2006 No No Armed Attack Yes No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Khumaysah Non Official Public Figure No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 1 0 0 Vehicle No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Al Basrah
200565312 1 Iranian civilian killed in armed attack in Quetta, Balochistan Province, Pakistan On 7 February 2005, at night, in Quetta, Balochistan Province, Pakistan, armed assailants shot and killed an Iranian citizen who had been seeking asylum or refugee status in Pakistan. No group claimed responsibility. 2/7/2005 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No South Asia Pakistan Quetta Refugees/IDPs No Iran Unknown Foreigner Targeted No 1 0 0 Unknown Unknown Balochistan
200578586 1 civilian killed in Arauca, Colombia On 15 October 2005, in Arauca, Colombia, assailants killed one taxi cab driver. No group claimed responsibility. 10/15/2005 No No Unknown No No Unknown No Central and South America Colombia Unknown Civilian No Colombia None Unknown Targeted No 1 0 0 Vehicle No Colombia None Unknown Targeted None 0 Unknown Unknown Arauca
200458989 2 police officers killed in armed attack by NPA-CPP in Bayugan, Philippines On 19 June 2004, in the afternoon, in Bayugan, Agusan del Sur Province, Philippines, twenty assailants disguised as army soldiers attacked the Bayugan police station, killing two police officers, wounding two others, and stealing six high powered rifles from the station armory. This was one of two near-identical attacks this week. No group claimed responsibility, although it is widely believed the New People’s Army (NPA-CPP) was responsible. 6/19/2004 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No East Asia-Pacific Philippines Bayugan Police No Philippines Unknown Unknown Targeted No 2 2 0 Police No Philippines Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Philippines Secular Political/Anarchist
200683494 Government buildings targeted in armed attacks and bombings by suspected Maoists in Dhangarhi, Kailali District, Nepal On 1 February 2006, in Dhangarhi, Kailali District, Nepal, assailants used bombs and gunfire to attack the District Police Office, District Jail, Zonal Police Office, Boradangi barracks, and Municipality building, causing no known casualties or damage. No group claimed responsibility, although it was widely believed the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)/United People’s Front was responsible. 2/1/2006 No No Bombing No No Explosive No South Asia Nepal Dhangarhi Government No Nepal None Unknown Targeted None 0 Nepal Secular Political/Anarchist Kailali District Firearm Armed Attack
200464122 Mayoral candidate wounded in IED attack in Vladivostok, Russia On 10 July 2004, at 7:30 PM, in Vladivostok, Russia, an improvised explosive device exploded as the State Duma Deputy and a mayoral candidate left his office, wounding the official. No group claimed responsibility. 7/10/2004 No No Bombing No No Grenade Yes Eurasia Russia Vladivostok Government Official No Russia None Unknown Targeted No 0 1 0 Unknown Unknown Armed Attack
200695585 3 civilians wounded in rocket attack in Sederot, HaDarom, Israel On 14 November 2006, in Sederot, HaDarom, Israel, assailants fired four Qassam rockets at an Israeli community, wounding three civilians and damaging several residences. No group claimed responsibility. 11/14/2006 No No Armed Attack No No Missile/Rocket No Middle East and Persian Gulf Israel Sederot Civilian No Israel Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 0 3 0 Community No Israel Unknown Unknown Targeted None 0 Unknown Unknown HaDarom Residence No Israel Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental Light 3
200697375 1 police officer wounded in IED attack in Tikrit, Salah ad Din, Iraq On 12 November 2006, in Tikrit, Salah ad Din, Iraq, assailants detonated a roadside improvised explosive device (IED) near a police convoy transporting the head of the Tikrit US-Iraqi Joint Coordination Center, wounding the police colonel and damaging at least one police car. No group claimed responsibility. 11/12/2006 No No Bombing No No Explosive Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Tikrit Police No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 1 0 Vehicle No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Salah ad Din
200566891 3 civilians killed and 1 other wounded in bombing in Bijbiara, Jammu and Kashmir, India On 12 May 2005, at about 10:15 PM, in Bijbiara, Jammu and Kashmir, India, a bomb disguised as a wrapped gift exploded inside a residence, killing a Muslim man, his daughter, and his son and seriously injuring his wife. No group claimed responsibility. 5/12/2005 No No Bombing No No Explosive No South Asia India Bijbiara Civilian No India None Muslim (Unknown) Targeted No 3 1 0 Residence No India None Muslim (Unknown) Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Jammu and Kashmir
200698024 3 civilians killed in armed attack in Ba’qubah, Diyala, Iraq On 28 November 2006, in central Ba’qubah, Diyala, Iraq, armed assailants fired upon and killed three civilians in a garage. No group claimed responsibility. 11/28/2006 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Ba’qubah Civilian No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 3 0 0 Unknown Unknown Diyala
200573704 3 civilians wounded in mortar attack near Nahal Oz, HaDarom, Israel On 15 July 2005, near Nahal Oz, HaDarom, Israel, assailants fired three mortar rounds at an Israeli settlement, impacting in a nearby collective farm, wounding three civilians and causing unspecified damage. HAMAS and Al Aqsa Martyrs Brigade claimed responsibility. 7/15/2005 No No Armed Attack No No Mortar/Artillery No Middle East and Persian Gulf Israel Nahal Oz Civilian No Israel None None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 0 3 0 Community No Israel None Unknown Targeted None 0 Palestinian Secular Political/Anarchist HaDarom Agricultural No Israel None None Indiscriminate/Incidental Light 1 Palestinian Islamic Extremist (Sunni)
200686012 1 police officer killed, 2 other police officers, 1 civilian wounded in armed attacks in Baghdad, Iraq On 16 April 2006, in Sadr City District, Baghdad, Iraq, armed assailants attacked two police stations, killing one police officer, wounding two others and one civilian, and causing minor damage to both police stations. No group claimed responsibility. 4/16/2006 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Baghdad Police No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 1 2 0 Police No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 2 Unknown Unknown Baghdad Civilian No Iraq Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 0 1 0
200570845 9 electricity pylons damaged in bomb attack by suspected FARC in Antioquia, Colombia Over the weekend of 28 May 2005, in Antioquia, Colombia, assailants bombed nine electricity pylons throughout the department, causing no injuries. No group claimed responsibility, although it is widely believed that the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) was responsible. 5/28/2005 Yes No Bombing No No Explosive Yes Central and South America Colombia Unknown Energy Infrastructure No Colombia Unknown Unknown Targeted Moderate 9 Colombia Secular Political/Anarchist Antioquia
200693713 1 government official, 1 child, 1 civilian killed, 7 civilians, 1 political party member wounded in VBIED attack by suspected LTTE in Colombo, Western Province, Sri Lanka On 8 August 2006, at about 1:00 PM, in Milagiriya, Colombo, Western Province, Sri Lanka, assailants detonated a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED), killing an official from the Ministerial Security Division, one child, and one other civilian. The explosion also wounded a former Eelam People’s Democratic Party (EPDP) Member of Parliament (MP) and seven other civilians. No group claimed responsibility, but authorities believed that the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) was responsible. 8/8/2006 No No Bombing No No Vehicle bomb Yes South Asia Sri Lanka Colombo Civilian No Sri Lanka Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 1 8 0 Sri Lanka Secular Political/Anarchist Western Province Civilian No Sri Lanka Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental Yes 1 0 0 Government Official No Sri Lanka Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 1 0 0
200565580 Israeli settlement targeted in rocket attack by HAMAS in Abasan al Kabir, Gaza Strip On 31 January 2005, in east Abasan al Kabir, Gaza Strip, attackers fired one Qassam rocket into an Israeli settlement, causing no injuries. The Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades (HAMAS) claimed responsibility. 1/31/2005 No No Armed Attack No No Missile/Rocket No Middle East and Persian Gulf Gaza Strip Abasan al Kabir Civilian No Israel None Unknown Targeted No 0 0 0 Community No Israel None Unknown Targeted Light 1 Palestinian Islamic Extremist (Sunni)
200688891 1 civilian wounded in IED attack in Ba’qubah, Diyala, Iraq On 4 June 2006, in the morning, in the Al Jadidah district of Ba’qubah, Diyala, Iraq, an improvised explosive device (IED) exploded near the Sariyah mosque, wounding one civilian and causing unspecified damage to the mosque. No group claimed responsibility. 6/4/2006 No No Bombing No No Explosive Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Ba’qubah Civilian No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 1 0 Religious No Iraq Unknown Muslim (Unknown) Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Diyala
200695226 1 civilian killed, 4 others wounded in VBIED attack in Baghdad, Iraq On 1 October 2006, near Nafaq al-Shurta District, western Baghdad, Iraq, assailants detonated a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) near a US military patrol, killing one civilian, wounding four others, and damaging five civilian cars. No group claimed responsibility. 10/1/2006 No No Bombing No No Vehicle bomb Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Baghdad Military Yes United States Western (American) Western (American) Targeted No 0 0 0 Vehicle No Iraq Unknown None Unknown Light 5 Unknown Unknown Baghdad Civilian No Iraq Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 1 4 0
200573719 Check point targeted in rocket attack in Gholam Jan Kalay, Khost Province, Afghanistan On 20 August 2005, in Gholam Jan Kalay, Khost Province, Afghanistan, assailants fired three rockets at a checkpoint near the Pakistan border, causing no injuries or damage. No group claimed responsibility. 8/19/2005 No No Armed Attack No No Missile/Rocket No South Asia Afghanistan Gholam Jan Kalay Checkpoint No Afghanistan None Unknown Targeted None 0 Unknown Unknown Khowst
200578557 2 civilians wounded in rocket attack by suspected QJBR in Qiryat Shemona, HaZafon, Israel On 27 December 2005, at about 11:00 PM, in Qiryat Shemona, HaZafon, Israel, assailants fired between two and three rockets at an Israeli community, causing two civilians to be treated for shock, damaging one residence, causing additional unspecified damage to the surrounding community, and damaging unspecified electric power equipment, which knocked out power to community and the surrounding area. Tanzim Qa’idat al-Jihad fi Bilad al-Rafidayn (QJBR) (al-Qa’ida in Iraq) claimed responsibility, although some Israeli authorities believed that Hizballah (Party of God) might be responsible. Hizballah denied responsibility for the attacks. 12/27/2005 No No Armed Attack No No Missile/Rocket No Middle East and Persian Gulf Israel Qiryat Shemona Civilian No Israel None None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 0 2 0 Communications No Israel None Unknown Targeted Light 1 Iraq Islamic Extremist (Sunni) HaZafon Civilian No Israel None None Indiscriminate/Incidental Yes 0 0 0 Residence No Israel None None Indiscriminate/Incidental Light 1 Unknown Unknown
200461249 US freelance photographer kidnapped, later released, in Baghdad, Iraq On 10 October 2004, in Baghdad, Iraq, unidentified assailants kidnapped a US freelance photographer for World Picture News. The hostage was released on 13 October 2004. No group claimed responsibility. 10/10/2004 No No Kidnapping No No Unknown No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Baghdad Journalist/Publisher/Reporter No United States Unknown Western (American) Targeted No 0 0 1 Unknown Unknown Baghdad
200580254 Reporter targeted in grenade attack by suspected LTTE in Akkaraipattu, Eastern Province, Sri Lanka On 14 November 2005, at about 11:45 PM, in Akkaraipattu, Eastern Province, Sri Lanka, assailants threw a grenade at the home of the local correspondent for the Thinakkural newspaper, causing no damage or injuries. No group claimed responsibility, although it was widely believed the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) was responsible. 11/14/2005 No No Armed Attack No No Grenade No South Asia Sri Lanka Akkaraipattu Journalist/Publisher/Reporter No Sri Lanka None Unknown Targeted No 0 0 0 Residence No Sri Lanka None Unknown Targeted None 0 Sri Lanka Secular Political/Anarchist Eastern Province
200458877 1 police officer wounded in a gun battle in Ba’qubah, Iraq On 8 May 2004, in the village of Wijahiyah, Muqdadiyah, near Ba’qubah, Iraq, unidentified assailants fired upon the town mayor’s home, sparking a gun battle with police, and injuring one police officer. No group claimed responsibility. 5/8/2004 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Muqdadiyah Police No Iraq None None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 0 1 0 Residence No Iraq None Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Government Official No Iraq None Unknown Targeted No 0 0 0
200687908 1 civilian killed, 2 others wounded in armed attack in Kirkuk, At Ta’mim, Iraq On 6 May 2006, in Kirkuk, At Ta’mim, Iraq, armed assailants fired upon and killed one civilian, wounded two others, and probably caused unspecified damage to their vehicle. No group claimed responsibility. 5/6/2006 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Kirkuk Civilian No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 1 2 0 Vehicle No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown At Ta’mim
200568728 1 student killed by suspected Madheshi Tigers in Jetharhiya, Rautahat District, Nepal On 1 January 2005, in Jetharhiya, Rautahat District, Nepal, assailants shot and killed a tenth-grade student who they suspected of being a Maoist militiaman. Local Maoist leaders denied that the victim was associated with them. No group claimed responsibility, although it was widely believed that the Madheshi Tigers, a splinter group of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)/United People’s Front, were responsible. 1/1/2005 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No South Asia Nepal Jetharhiya Student No Nepal None Unknown Targeted No 1 0 0 Nepal Secular Political/Anarchist Rautahat District
200687298 1 human rights worker kidnapped by suspected Maoists in Udayapur District, Nepal On 19 March 2006, in Udayapur District, Nepal, assailants abducted a regional member of the Human Rights Groups. No group claimed responsibility, although it was widely believed the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)/United People’s Front was responsible. 3/19/2006 No No Kidnapping No No Unknown No South Asia Nepal Unknown Humanitarian/NGO No Nepal None Unknown Targeted No 0 0 1 Nepal Secular Political/Anarchist Udayapur District
200683844 1 civilian killed, 2 police officers, 3 civilians wounded in VBIED attack in Al Mahmudiyah, Babil, Iraq On 6 March 2006, in Al Mahmudiyah, Babil, Iraq, assailants detonated a roadside probably command-initiated vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED) near a police patrol guarding a hospital, killing one civilian, wounding three civilians and two police officers, and destroying several cars parked near the hospital. No group claimed responsibility. 3/6/2006 No No Bombing No No Vehicle bomb Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Al Mahmudiyah Civilian No Iraq Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 1 3 0 Vehicle No Iraq Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental Light 3 Unknown Unknown Babil Police No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 2 0 Hospital/Health Care No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted None 0
200694820 IED explodes in Hit, Al Anbar, Iraq On 13 September 2006, in Hit, Al Anbar, Iraq, an improvised explosive device (IED) exploded as assailants on a motorcycle intending to place it on a roadside transported it. No group claimed responsibility. 9/13/2006 No No Bombing No No Explosive Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Hit Unknown No Unknown Unknown None Unknown None 0 Unknown Unknown Al Anbar
200686551 1 civilian abducted by suspected Maoists in Janakpur, Dhanukha District, Nepal On or about 10 February 2006, in Janakpur, Dhanukha District, Nepal, assailants abducted one civilian who had come to the district to help build a school. No group claimed responsibility, although it was widely believed the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)/United People’s Front was responsible. 2/10/2006 Yes No Kidnapping No No Unknown No South Asia Nepal Janakpur Civilian No Nepal None Unknown Targeted No 0 0 1 Nepal Secular Political/Anarchist Dhanukha District
200690609 3 soldiers killed, 4 others wounded in armed attack in Siran, Gumushane, Turkey On 6 August 2006, in Siran, Gumushane, Turkey, armed assailants fired upon and killed three soldiers and wounded four others who were riding in a vehicle. The vehicle overturned and was damaged when the driver lost control in the shooting. No group claimed responsibility, although it was widely believed leftist extremists were responsible. 8/6/2006 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Europe Turkey Siran Military No Turkey Muslim (Unknown) Muslim (Unknown) Targeted No 3 4 0 Vehicle No Turkey Unknown Muslim (Unknown) Targeted Light 1 Unknown Secular Political/Anarchist Gumushane
200692557 1 civilian kidnapped by suspected CPI-Maoist in Dantewada, Chhattisgarh, India On 22 August 2006, in Dantewada, Chhattisgarh, India, assailants armed with unknown weapons stopped a vehicle and kidnapped a civilian. No group claimed responsibility, although it was widely believed that the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) was responsible. 8/22/2006 No No Kidnapping No No Unknown No South Asia India Dantewada Civilian No India Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 0 1 India Secular Political/Anarchist Chhattisgarh
200576762 3 civilians killed in armed attack by suspected HM in Rajauri, Jammu and Kashmir, India On 21 August 2005, at night, in Paira Village, Rajauri, Jammu and Kashmir, India, assailants shot and killed three family members in their residence. One of the victims was a member of the Village Defense Committee. No group claimed responsibility, although it was widely believed Hizbul-Mujahedin was responsible. 8/21/2005 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No South Asia India Rajauri Civilian No India None Unknown Targeted No 3 0 0 Residence No India None Unknown Targeted Light 1 Pakistan Islamic Extremist (Sunni) Jammu and Kashmir
200685195 8 civilians killed, 5 others wounded in armed attack by suspected SLM in Sha’iriyah, Janub Darfur, Sudan On 19 May 2006, in Sha’iriyah, Janub Darfur, Sudan, armed assailants killed eight civilians and wounded five others. No group claimed responsibility, although it was widely believed that the Sudan Liberation Movement (SLM) was responsible. 5/19/2006 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Africa Sudan Sha’riyah Civilian No Sudan Unknown Unknown Targeted No 8 5 0 Sudan Secular Political/Anarchist Janub Darfur
200569389 Voting booth targeted in bomb attack by suspected CPI-Maoist in Nawada, Bihar, India On 3 February 2005, in Nawada, Bihar, India, a bomb exploded at a voter’s booth during state elections, causing no injuries. No group claimed responsibility, but it is widely believed the Communist Party of India-Maoist (CPI-Maoist) was responsible. It is thought that they carried out the attack as a means to intimidate voters. 2/3/2005 No No Bombing No No Explosive No South Asia India Nawada Electoral/Polling No India None Unknown Targeted Light 1 India Secular Political/Anarchist Bihar
200579885 2 police officers killed in armed attack in Kirkuk, at Ta’mim, Iraq On 17 October 2005, in Kirkuk, at Ta’mim, Iraq, gunmen shot and killed two police officers. No group claimed responsibility. 10/17/2005 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Kirkuk Police No Iraq None Unknown Targeted No 2 0 0 Unknown Unknown At Ta’mim
200581125 1 vehicle damaged in bombing by suspected NPA-CPP in Paranaque, Rizal, Philippines On 7 December 2005, at about 9:00 AM, in Paranaque, Rizal, Philippines, a Molotov cocktail placed under a car exploded outside a printing house, causing minor damage to the car but no injuries. No group claimed responsibility, but it was widely believed the New People’s Army (NPA-CPP) was responsible. 12/7/2005 No No Arson/Firebombing No No Firebomb/Incendiary No East Asia-Pacific Philippines Paranaque Vehicle No Philippines Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental Light 1 Philippines Secular Political/Anarchist Rizal
200461749 1 civilian, 1 bodyguard killed by militants in Al Basrah, Al Basrah, Iraq On 7 November 2004, in Al Basrah, Al Basrah, Iraq, unidentified assailants detonated an improvised explosive device under an armored vehicle carrying employees of Olive Security, a London-based security firm, killing one British civilian and one South African bodyguard. No group claimed responsibility. 11/7/2004 No No Bombing No No Explosive Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Al Basrah Paramilitary/Private Security No United Kingdom Unknown Western (not American) Targeted No 1 0 0 Vehicle No Unknown Unknown Western (not American) Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Al Basrah Paramilitary/Private Security No South Africa Unknown Foreigner Targeted No 1 0 0
200566613 1 civilian kidnapped by unknown assailants in Kabul, Kabol Province, Afghanistan On 10 April 2005, in Kabul, Kabol Province, Afghanistan, assailants kidnapped a US civilian; however, the victim escaped by breaking out of the assailants’ vehicle. No group claimed responsibility. 4/10/2005 No No Kidnapping No No Firearm No South Asia Afghanistan Kabul Civilian No United States None Unknown Targeted No 0 0 1 Unknown Unknown Kabol
200572387 1 Sunni cleric killed by armed assailants in Ar Ramadi, Al Anbar, Iraq On 29 May 2005, in the evening, in Ar Ramadi, Al Anbar, Iraq, unidentified armed assailants shot and killed a Sunni cleric as he was leading evening prayers in the Al-Hajjah Maqbulah Mosque. No group claimed responsibility. 5/29/2005 No No Armed Attack Yes No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Ar Ramadi Clergy/Religious Worker No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 1 0 0 Religious No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted None 0 Unknown Islamic Extremist (Shia) Al Anbar
200465434 3 Kurdish truck drivers kidnapped, killed by Ansar al-Sunna Army near At Taji, Salah ad Din, Iraq On 19 September 2005, near At Taji, Salah ad Din, Iraq, assailants kidnapped and killed three Kurdish truck drivers, who had been hauling military vehicles. The three victims were members of the Kurdish Democratic Party. Jaish Ansar al-Sunna claimed responsibility. 9/19/2004 No No Kidnapping No No Unknown No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq At Taji Business No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 3 0 0 Iraq Islamic Extremist (Sunni) Salah ad Din Assault
200581551 8 civilians wounded in IED attack on police patrol in Baghdad, Iraq On 16 November 2005, in southern Baghdad, Iraq, assailants targeted a police patrol with an improvised explosive device (IED), wounding eight civilians. No group claimed responsibility. 11/16/2005 No No Bombing No No Explosive Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Baghdad Civilian No Iraq Unknown None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 0 8 0 Unknown Unknown Baghdad Police No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 0 0
200692718 1 civilian killed, 12 others wounded in IED attack in Baghdad, Iraq On 10 July 2006, in Sha’ab District, northern Baghdad, Iraq, assailants detonated an improvised explosive device (IED) at a gas station, killing one civilian, wounding 12 others, and damaging the gas station and three vehicles. No group claimed responsibility. 7/10/2006 No No Bombing No No Explosive Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Baghdad Civilian No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 1 12 0 Public Place/Retail No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Baghdad Vehicle No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 3
200576980 Public place targeted in Londonderry, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom On 16 September 2005, at 10:00 PM, in Londonderry, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland, United Kingdom, a bomb exploded at a licensed premises, causing no injuries or damage. No group claimed responsibility. 9/16/2005 No No Bombing No No Explosive No Europe United Kingdom Londonderry Public Place/Retail No United Kingdom None Unknown Targeted None 0 Unknown Unknown Northern Ireland
200696031 6 civilians wounded in IED attack in Baghdad, Iraq On 22 October 2006, in Shorja District, central Baghdad, Iraq, assailants detonated an improvised explosive device (IED) near a group of civilians, wounding six and damaging several nearby retail stores. No group claimed responsibility. 10/22/2006 No No Bombing No No Explosive Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Baghdad Civilian No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 6 0 Public Place/Retail No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 3 Unknown Unknown Baghdad
200575389 2 civilians kidnapped by suspected Maoists in Ishibu, Tehrathum District, Nepal On 17 August 2005, in Ishibu, Tehrathum District, Nepal, assailants kidnapped two civilians for allegedly refusing to pay a donation of 50,000 Rupees (approximately USD 700) to the assailants. On 21 August 2005 the victims were released. No group claimed responsibility, although it was widely believed the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)/United People’s Front was responsible. 8/17/2005 No No Kidnapping No No Unknown No South Asia Nepal Ishibu Civilian No Nepal None Unknown Targeted No 0 0 2 Nepal Secular Political/Anarchist Tehrathum District
200572662 3 civilians abducted by suspected Maoists in Jaraytar, Sindhuli District, Nepal On 11 June 2005, in Jaraytar, Sindhuli District, Nepal, assailants kidnapped the daughter of a Communist Party of Nepal/Unified Marxist-Leninst (CPN-UML) district committee member, and two other civilians. No group claimed responsibility, although it was widely believed the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist)/United People’s Front was responsible. 6/11/2005 No No Kidnapping No No Unknown No South Asia Nepal Jaraytar Civilian No Nepal Unknown Family Member Targeted No 0 0 1 Nepal Secular Political/Anarchist Sindhuli District Civilian No Nepal Unknown Unknown Targeted No 0 0 2
200692682 2 bodyguards killed, 3 wounded in armed attack in Baghdad, Iraq On 10 July 2006, in Mansur District, western Baghdad, Iraq, armed assailants attacked a judge, killing two bodyguards and wounding three others. No group claimed responsibility. 7/10/2006 No No Armed Attack No No Firearm No Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Baghdad Paramilitary/Private Security No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 2 3 0 Unknown Unknown Baghdad Government Official No Iraq Unknown None Unknown No 0 0 0
200681760 1 police officer killed, 3 others wounded in suicide VBIED attack in Baghdad, Iraq On 6 January 2006, in Za’faraniya District, southeastern Baghdad, Iraq, a suicide bomber attacked a police checkpoint with a vehicle-borne improvised explosive device (VBIED), killing one police officer, wounding three others, and causing unspecified damage to the checkpoint. No group claimed responsibility. 1/6/2006 No No Bombing No Yes Vehicle bomb Yes Middle East and Persian Gulf Iraq Baghdad Police No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted No 1 3 0 Checkpoint No Iraq Unknown Unknown Targeted Light 1 Unknown Unknown Baghdad
200576704 1 civilian killed, 2 wounded in IED attack in Adarsh Nagar, Bihar, India On 16 August 2005, in Adarsh Nagar, Bihar, India, an improvised explosive device (IED) exploded, killing one civilian, wounding two others, and damaging the residence. No group claimed responsibility. 8/16/2005 No No Bombing No No Explosive Yes South Asia India Adarsh Nagar Civilian No India None None Indiscriminate/Incidental No 1 2 0 Residence No India None None Indiscriminate/Incidental Light 1 Unknown Unknown Bihar

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